After taking care of you pears for so long, you wouldn’t want to ruin it all by picking them at the wrong time. What if you pick them too soon or too late? How would you know when the right time is to harvest your pears?
Individual pear varieties have different growth spurts and maturity period. Some cultivars have to be picked from the tree unripe and allowed to be ripened on the kitchen counter while some must be allowed to ripen on the tree before you can pick them.
European pear Bartlett, are harvested in the summer — from June until September. Other varieties such as Anjou, Bosc, and Comice are picked in autumn from September to October.
Pears like Bartlett ripen only after they are picked from the tree and left to ripen naturally on the kitchen counter. On the hand, Anjou, Bosc and Comice pears must be harvested while they are still green, wrapped and stored in the refrigerator or a cool cellar for three to four weeks at 32° – 45° F.
Asian pears must be left alone to ripe on the tree.
Most commercial growers use a special to know for sure when a pear is ripe for picking – a pressure tester. The pressure needed to puncture the pear’s flesh is measured and this would indicate how ripe a pear is. The stronger the pressure you need to exert, the less ripe the pear is.
So, don’t just pick without batting an eyelash. Make sure you know the variety of your pear, when it matures, and if you should let it go ripe on the tree or on your counter top!